There is a world of difference between adults and kids and So is their dental care. At 32 smiles we ensure a friendly, safe and warm dental care for your kids. Early detection and treatments can go a long way in keeping your child’s teeth healthy. We perform all the preventive, interceptive and corrective treatments for children with smile and care. These include routine check-up, treating decay, correcting irregular teeth, regular fluoride applications to prevent decay and nutrition counselling. So walk in for your child’s wellness…
Preventive Procedures During Childhood Fluoride Application:
A child’s teeth are more prone to decay due to lack of proper dexterity of brushing and due to their dietary habits. Application of fluoride varnishes at regular intervals strengthens the tooth structure by incorporating fluoride ions into the structure making them more resistant to acid dissolution. Not only do the permanent teeth but also milk teeth benefit from fluoride treatment.
Pit and Fissure sealants
The chewing surfaces of teeth are never flat. They have certain depressions called Pit and Fissures which serve as potential traps for food and bacteria making the teeth susceptible for decay.
Pit and fissure sealants is a preventive measure to seal the deep fissures of milk teeth and thereby prevent penetration of fermentable sugars and the bacteria which leads to tooth decay. The safety and effectiveness of pit and fissure sealants as a decay preventive measure has been confirmed by the American Dental Association.
Root Canal Treatment in milk teeth:
In cases where tooth decay extends deep into the nerve portion of the tooth it might be necessary to perform a root canal as described for the permanent tooth. It might still be considered as a better alternative to tooth extraction as saving a milk tooth will not only improve chewing but also Milk teeth serve as space maintainer for the proper spacing and alignment of the future permanent teeth. Like in adults, Root canal treatment in children is also followed by a permanent filling and a SS crown (cap).
Oral habits in children
Habits Related to Malocclusion: Various habits that can lead to malocclusion are
- Thumb sucking and finger sucking
- Tongue thrusting
- Mouth breathing
Thumb or Finger Sucking
Finger and thumb sucking is common in infancy and early childhood and, in the majority of cases, is spontaneously discontinued by about 5 years of age. In a minority of cases, however, the habit may continue for several more years, even into adolescence and beyond. The habit may produce deformity both of the finger/thumb and the dental occlusion.
Tongue thrusting, an abnormal tongue position and deviation from the normal swallowing pattern, tongue thrust is normal in infants until approximately the age of six months. If a child suffers from tongue thrusting, this continuous pressure tends to force the teeth out of alignment. Many children who have tongue thrust leads to open bites, the force of the tongue against the teeth is an important factor in contributing to “bad bite” (malocclusion).
Mouth breathing has been classified according to etiology into three groups: obstructive, habitual and anatomic. The nasal airway may be compromised partially or completely obstructed. Such individuals may find it difficult or impossible to breathe through their nose alone. In about 85% of cases, mouth breathing is an adaptation to nasal obstruction.
Some individuals breathe through their mouth through force of habit, perhaps due to a previous cause of nasal obstruction that is now corrected
In other cases, the upper lip may be short, and the lips do not meet at rest (“lip incompetence”)
It is generally said that children lacking parental care, love and affection resort to this habit. Thus the parents should provide the child with adequate love and affection. Also the child’s attention should be diverted to other things as games and toys. The dentist and the parents should work together to motivate the child to discontinue the habit.
They are basically reminding appliances that assist the child who is willing to quit the habit but is not able to do so as the habit has entered the subconscious level. They may be removable or fixed appliances.
A space maintainer is a removable or fixed appliance designed to maintain an existing space. Space maintainers are usually fitted in children when they have lost their milk teeth early. The gap left from losing this tooth needs to be held open for the permanent tooth to erupt in the correct position.