There is no direct treatment available for T.M.J. Pain except surgery. The problem is multifactorial and needs careful diagnosis and treatment.
Heat therapy and medication
These assist in reducing muscle tension and spasm. However, immediately after an injury to the TMJ, treatment with cold applications is best.
Massage and laser biostimulation helps to decrease pain and increase the range of motion and strength of the joint.
A custom-made acrylic soft or Hard splint also called a nightguard, which fits over the teeth is commonly prescribed for the night. It acts to balance the bite and reduce or eliminate teeth grinding or clenching (bruxism).
Correction of bite abnormalities
Corrective dental therapy, such as orthodontics, may be required to correct an abnormal bite. Dental restorations assist in creating a more stable bite. Adjustments of bridges or crowns act to ensure proper alignment of the teeth.
Surgery is indicated in those situations in which medical therapy has failed. It is done as a last resort. TMJ arthroscopy, ligament tightening, joint restructuring, and joint replacement are considered in the most severe cases of joint damage or deterioration.