It is but natural to be worried if you see blood in your spit, or early morning while brushing. Your mind is worried the entire day there after thinking for reasons. When you think about dental health, your focus is likely to be on preventing cavities in your teeth. But it’s important to pay attention to your gums, too. Your gums play a major role not only in your dental health, but in your overall well-being.

In many instances, swollen and bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. But there are a number of other factors that could be causing your gum problems. Whatever is the cause of your painful gums, there are steps you can take to minimize gum damage and discomfort.

Reasons for bleeding gums:

  • Improper brushing techniques: When we do not practice proper dental hygiene, bacteria in the mouth form plaque on the teeth, which further calcifies forming tartar. These bacteria may cause your gums to become inflamed which results in red, swollen, bleeding gums and this condition is known as gingivitis. This may or may not be painful.
  • When gingivitis progresses, it develops into periodontitis, a condition in which the gums and bones that hold the teeth in place can be severely infected leading to tooth loss.
  • Women and gum problems: Some women find that they experience gum problems during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. The increase in hormones during puberty can heighten blood flow to the gums, making them red, swollen, and sensitive. For women with menstrual gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen, and more likely to bleed shortly before each menstrual period. These problems typically subside after the period begins.
  • Pregnancy gingivitis: typically starts in the second or third month of pregnancy and continues through the eighth month, causing sore, swollen, and bleeding gums. The use of oral birth control products may cause similar gum problems. Though uncommon, some women going through menopause may find that their gums become extremely dry and therefore sore and likely to bleed.

Hence, bleeding gums are signs to further problems to avoid them visit a dentist and get them treated at the earliest as “Prevention is better than cure”.

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