Ever experienced a sharp, shooting pain in your teeth every time you bite into that ice cream cone or has the change in weather driving you crazy with tooth ache? What you are experiencing is acute tooth sensitivity. It’s a common dental problem. The sharp pain you experience is often temporary and can seem like its reaching till the tips of your nerve. However, as soon as a dentist can figure out the cause, tooth sensitivity can be treated easily.

Causes of tooth sensitivity

Ideally, it’s the enamel which protects the dentin, and the root of the tooth is protected by gums. However, if the enamel is worn out or gums recede, then the dentin gets exposed. This in turn is connected to the nerve which triggers pain and sensitivity. Dentin can be exposed due to crack in the tooth, cavities and gum recession. The dentin contains thousands of channels which reaches the pulp of the tooth. If this channel is left exposed, it allows the heat, cold, or acidic substances to directly touch the nerve, thus triggering pain. The following are the main reasons why dentin gets exposed:

  • Over brushing or brushing too hard causes the enamel to deteriorate, thus exposing the dentin or leading to the recession of gums.
  • Gingivitis can cause the root of the tooth to be exposed.
  • A crack in the tooth can lead to it being filled with bacteria from plaque. This causes the pulp of the tooth to get inflamed.
  • Extensive use of over the counter mouth wash also causes the enamel to erode.
  • Acidic foods and aerated drinks can encourage enamel reduction.
  • Plaque buildup in gaps between teeth can also lead to receding gums.
  • Grinding and clenching your teeth often can also trigger tooth sensitivity.

Remedies for tooth sensitivity

Most tooth sensitivities resolve within a few weeks after filling. However, till then here are a few simple home remedies to give temporary relief from tooth sensitivity till then.

  • Use a desensitizing tooth paste, recommended by your dentist. Use a fluoridated tooth paste, not a tartar control one.
  • Use a brush with soft bristles, so that you don’t cause further damage to the enamel or gums.
  • Avoid highly acidic foods and aerated drinks.
  • Use a mouthwash recommended by your dentist daily.
  • Use a mouth guard to avoid unconsciously grinding your teeth.

Dental procedures to reduce tooth sensitivity

  • Bonding, crowns, and inlays, can fix decay which results in sensitivity.
  • A fluoride gel.
  • As a last resort treatment for tooth sensitivity, which cannot find relief in any other methods, is Root Canal.

If you have sensitive teeth, don’t forget your daily oral care routine. Don’t be sensitive about your sensitive teeth. It’s one of the most common dental issues and can also be treated easily. If the sensitivity is severe, be sure to see your dentist for an evaluation. A dentist alone can tell you the best remedy for your situation. So follow their advice to the T and you can take a bite out of your favorite dessert without worrying about its consequences.

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